1. Why are we setting up this database?
International Financial Institutions (IFIs) such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the International Monetary Fund-World Bank (IMF-WB) play important roles in shaping and implementing policies and projects on development cooperation in the region. These IFIs have also met strong criticisms and protests from civil society and grassroots communities because of aid conditionalities that impose market-driven, export-oriented, neoliberal policies on developing countries. These conditionalities and projects that IFIs finance in the region continue to undermine human rights and domestic democratic processes, and have resulted into negative social outcomes which include (but are not limited to) persistent underdevelopment and poverty, violations of individual and collective rights, and also environmental destruction.

The advent of Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) calls for development partnerships between different stakeholders, particularly the government, private sector, and civil society to meet these goals. Again, IFIs play a role by providing financing for partnerships that bolster the private sector’s role in development, which contribute to the privatization of natural resources and public services, without clearly establishing safeguards, accountability standards and other human rights standards. The IFIs also coordinate with DFIs like JICA and others from OECD DAC member countries, to promote infrastructure, energy and climate related projects, while leveraging private sector role.

The establishment of new banks such as the New Development Bank (NDB) by the BRIICS and the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) by China in response to the quest for increased economic growth in developing and emerging economies in the Global South presents additional challenges to advocates of human rights and development effectiveness as well as to the people and communities that will be affected by the policies and projects that these banks will implement. While IFIs such as ADB and OECD-DAC have some form of recognition/commitment to development effectiveness, these new banks do not. Like older IFIs, these new banks lack transparency in their dealings, and accountability for the impacts of their projects.


2. What is the purpose of this database?
The need to monitor these IFI development partnerships in the region through a database was considered an imperative by CPDE-Asia CSOs during the Regional Skills Training on Aid Monitoring on April 2018. This initiative that will be undertaken under the Aid Observatorio initiative of the CPDE and ROA-AP aims to achieve the following objectives:  
  • •Promote awareness and transparency on the IFI development partnerships in the region
  • •Aid research and analysis on the trends and impacts of IFI development partnerships in the region
  • •Assist advocacy and engagement for the protection of human rights and upholding of development effectiveness principles in development partnerships
 


3. What should I input to the database?
The database will focus primarily on development partnerships in Asia Pacific supportedby the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the New Development Bank (NDB), Asia Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB), International Monetary Fund-World Bank (IMF-WB), and the Economic Co-operation and Development's-Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC), as well as DFIs like JICA.

The online form that will be used to build the database is found here:
https://forms.gle/bpEccRpsKFjQNTBL9

Sources of information include:
  • • IFI websites
  • • News report
  • • CPDE Asia members
    • - Reports from international, national, and grassroots CSOs
    • - Photo / videos / documentaries etc

The database is a continuing initiative. Information can be submitted anytime.